Trait Theory of Crime Causation

Trait Theory of Crime Causation:
In the early twentieth century, a number of leading criminologists theorized that crime was caused not so much be choice but by human traits such as: size, shape, intelligence, mental state, etc. This view was first originated by an Italian army physician named Cesare Lombroso. Using Lombroso’s work as a starting point, modern day criminologists branched off into two different schools of thought known as Biological and Psychological Theories of crime causation.

Biological Theory is broken down into three main areas – Biochemical factors, Neurological factors, and Genetic Factors. Biological theory of crime causation attempts to link a biological explanation to the question of why do people commit crime.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Trait Theory of Crime Causation
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Biochemical factors – include diet, environmental contaminants, and even allergies as they relate to antisocial and criminal behavior. Even medications that a person may take that would have an unusual and negative effect on one’s personality.
Neurological Factors – study the relationship between brain activity to antisocial behavior and criminality. They study violent behavior that has been linked to brain tumors, brain injuries, and other central nervous system diseases.
Genetic factors – are concerned with the role heredity plays in producing crime-prone people. Early research indicates a positive relationship between the criminality of an individual and his biological father. This still does not solve the debate of Nature vs. Nurture. Is the positive relationship caused by the inherited genes passed on from the father to the son (nature) or does the child’s criminal behavior reflect that of the fathers because of how the person was raised (nurture).
Psychological Theory: Psychological views of crime causation can be divided into four main areas of study: Psychoanalytic theory, Behavioral theory, Cognitive theory, and Physiological theory.
Psychoanalytic theory – created by the Viennese doctor Sigmund Freud. Freud and his followers believe in the existence of two basic instinctual human drives present at birth – sex and aggression. These drives are normally repressed into the unconscious and re-channeled into productive modes of behavior. Some Psychoanalysts believe that criminals and anti-social people suffer from a personality disorder and as a result, they seek immediate gratification of their needs without consideration of right and wrong and the needs of others.
Behavioral Theory: Asserts that behavior is leered through interactions with other people. Simply stated, behavior that is rewarded becomes habitual; and behavior that is punished opposed to Biological theory, Behavioral theory makes the strongest case for nurture over nature when it comes to people’s behavior. This leads to questions such as how much influence does the media (television, movies, music, and video games) have over the way people behave in society. Most importantly what influence might those outlets have over our youth? Does listening to music laced with violence affect the way teenagers will act in society? How about violent video games that many of our younger people play? Can they become desensitized and more prone to violence because of such games?
Cognitive theory: Cognitive psychologists are concerned with the way people perceive the world around them. They report that a majority of criminal’s outlooks on life are characterized by self-interest while law abiding citizens are more likely to consider the rights of others and are concerned with maintaining the rules of society.
Physiological theory: Physiological psychologists search for relationships between physical properties such as brain cell activity or biochemical reactions and behavior.
One area of particular interest in physiological psychology is the identification of the psychopathic personality. True psychopaths are believed to be dangerous, aggressive, antisocial individuals. True psychopaths may appear to be charming at times and have at least normal or above average levels of intelligence but they lack emotional depth and are incapable of caring for other human beings. Psychopathy has been linked to the phenomenon of serial killers. Not all psychopaths are serial killers but just about all serial killers are psychopaths.

Scientists, using advances in DNA and other technologies, are trying to identify a criminal gene which if present in someone, would greatly predispose that individual to becoming a criminal in society.

Assignment #5
2. Looking at the paragraph on Behavioral Theory – do you think that violence in the various forms of media such as music, movies, video games and music will have an impact on how young people will develop in terms of their tolerance for violence and criminality?
3. Would young people who are exposed to a lot of violence in these media forms themselves be more prone to violence and criminality?
4. As stated in the final sentence above the assignment: if scientists are successful in identifying a gene whose presence would greatly predispose an individual to criminality, would you want people to be tested at birth for the gene (why or why not)?
5. What do you think should be done about people who do have the gene?

Grab 16% Discount On This Paper
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

ACME Homework provides the best top-grade academic writing services in compliance with our customers’ instructions. Have your paper written by a certified professional online college homework help writer to produce only high-quality essays with zero plagiarism.

Professional Academic Writers

You can now choose from a pool of online college homework help writers. Choose your writer and have them write the best content for you. ACME Homework has, over the years, secured a team of the most reliable, experienced, and qualified writers. You can, therefore, trust that your assignment is in good hands.

Affordable Prices

We know that students have very limited budgets. And for that, we always strive to provide only the best, most affordable online college homework help services to our customers. Our goal is to provide top-quality assignment help services to all customers at the lowest, most affordable prices.

On-Time delivery

At, we pay strict attention to deadlines. We recommend you to check out clients’ reviews for assurance that we will complete your assignments within the set deadlines. You can, therefore, trust that your paper will be done within and before the set deadline. Until now, we have not missed a single deadline.

100% Originality

Our homework helper experts write only 100% original and plagiarism-free content for all of our clients. We also have a Quality Assurance Department team that goes through all work submitted by our writers multiple times. You can, therefore, rest assured that any signs of plagiarized or unoriginal content will be rejected before it reaches your portal.

Customer Support 24/7 expert writers are always available 24/7 for customers who need assistance with using our website. You don’t have to check your watch the next time you want to have your assignment written. Our customer support is always available round the clock and ready to listen to your queries. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email:

Try it now!

Grab 16% Discount On This Paper

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

For years now, has stood as a leader in providing its customers with the best online college homework help service in the industry. And all you have to do is provide us with the details of your order. Leave everything else to us. We’ve always got you covered.


Essay Writing Services

Since we launched, deserved the best online “college homework help status” thanks to our essay ordering, writing, and delivery process. We deliver nothing but excellence in our results. Our essay writing services include impeccable grammar, zero-plagiarism, proper structure, and conformance to guidelines.


Admission and Business Papers

Our top-quality online college homework help services guarantee that you will be accepted into your desired university. You just need to fill out your admission and business papers, and our team of online homework help workers will handle the rest. We will help you achieve and secure the best positions in your admissions forms.


Editing and Proofreading

At, we have a skilled writing and editing team that’s dedicated to creating, editing, and restructuring for all types of papers. Our online college homework help editing and proofreading team will check, paraphrase, and correct any grammar mistakes on your paper before submitting the final document to you.


Technical Papers

At, we pride ourselves in having writers in almost all fields, even the most technical ones. You never have to worry about your paper being too technical for our certified online college homework help writers to handle. ACME Homework’s team of writers can handle even the most complex writers. We will match your paper to the most competent writer that we believe will handle your paper the best way possible.

                                                                                     Place Order