|Research Paper Guidelines
1. Research Paper
There should be a minimum of five references from an independent technical expert listed in your bibliography, three of these references must come from peer-reviewed sources. An independent scholarly source could be a technical book from the library or a scientific journal article. Reports by partisan advocates are not independent or scholarly, even if they use expository writing.
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2. Essay Format: APA Style
a. Your writing should be a minimum of 5 full pages (NOT including Title and Reference pages)
b. Use a 12-point font
c. Use Times New Roman font
d. Use normal margins (1 inch top, bottom, and sides)
e. Use double-spaced lines
f. Include the Title and Reference pages
g. DO NOT add extra spaces between paragraphs
h. Use APA citation style.
i. List your sources on a reference page (also in APA style). You should have a minimum of five references, in which three must be peer-reviewed (APA citation style). You may use legitimate government websites (EPA, NIEHS, etc.) for non-peer-reviewed references.
3. Research Paper Topic
The argumentative research paper consists of an introduction in which the writer clearly introduces the topic and informs his audience exactly which stance he/she intends to take; this stance is often identified as the thesis statement. In this case global warming impacts in public health, why it is bad in the public health field. An important goal of the argumentative research paper is persuasion, which means the topic chosen should be debatable or controversial. Please Write a 5 page paper in which you critically analyze the arguments of both sides of the issue and try to persuade the reader one way as for opposed to another. Your argument should be logical (you should consider the big picture, including social/cultural context, economics, feasibility, etc.) You must discuss the application and implication of your view (global warming impacts) on the public health.
4. Writing Your Essay: Simply information on how to write an essay.
Begin your essay with an introduction paragraph that identifies the theme of your paper. This theme, also called a “thesis” or “purpose” statement, is a generalization that you have gleaned from reading the variety of sources that you have researched. The introduction paragraph needs to be fairly short to leave space for the main arguments and evidence to follow.
a. Your introduction should:
i. attract and hold the reader’s attention
ii. indicate the subject matter of the paper (a thesis/purpose statement)
iii. reveal in some way the writer’s attitude toward the subject
b. Thesis/Purpose Statement.
You can usually write an effective introduction only after you have formulated your thesis statement. So, compose a thesis statement. Here is a quote from The Heath Handbook (1995): The thesis [statement] must be specific and unambiguous, for it establishes a kind of contract between writer and reader, a promise about the content of the paper that is to follow. Typically, a thesis contains two elements: the precise subject of the essay and a word or phrase that even further limits this subject (p. 63).
c. Main paragraphs
Your main paragraphs (main arguments) should provide supporting claims and specific fact, and other forms of evidence backing up your thesis/purpose statement. This section should comprise the main portion of your research paper. Make sure your ideas flow well in the paper. Since this is a short paper, try not to use direct quotes. A paper with many direct quotes will be penalized. In your essay, use citations from your sources to back up facts and examples you state based on your sources. Please use APA style citation in both text and references. Research paper lacking adequate citations and citation formatting will be penalized.
In your body paragraphs, make sure:
iv. points are developed and “tied-in” with the paper’s thesis statement
v. structure of the writer’s paragraphs is organized, clear, and easy to follow
vi. content and purpose of the writing are persuasive
Conclude your essay with a conclusion paragraph that summarizes what you have explained to substantiate your thesis/purpose statement. Your conclusion should be a summary of your position and rationale. It should also include implications, applications, or ramifications of your thesis on our public health as we go forward from here. You must also discuss the application and implication of your view (on your specific topic) on the public health (currently or in the future).
5. What Makes a Superior Essay?
An excellent essay is one that addresses the topic clearly, demonstrates a thorough critical understanding of the material, and explores the issue thoughtfully and in depth within the allotted space. It is coherently organized with ideas supported by apt reasons and well-chosen examples, has an effective, fluent style marked by syntactic variety and a clear command of language, and is generally free from errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics.