# Finance

Using the information from the websites the student will develop evaluation of bond and stock
performance for THE COMPANY (SELECTED BY INSTRUCTOR). (The evaluation portion
will total 85% of the assignment grade)
-1—Background and Industry (one
short
paragraph).
-2-
The
financial leverage
ratios (10% of the project grade)
a) Find the
financial leverage
ratios for THE COMPANY assigned for you of the project for
the last 3-5 years in the Internet. Present these ratios as the table(s) in your project.
You can find these ratios in the Internet or calculate them. If you use published ratios you
must indicate that and cite their source.

Debt-to-assets ratio (Debt ratio)

Debt-to Equity ratio

Interest Coverage ratio (the Times Interest Earned)
b) Write (about) 1 page of the analysis of the
ratio results.
the following questions.
How is THE COMPANY financing its assets? Discuss how much risk is associated with
the bonds issued by the company? How can this risk be measured? Please explain.
-3- Collect and evaluate the data about
bond
performance of the assigned company.
The information on bonds can be found on the website
http://finra-markets.morningstar.com/BondCenter/Default.jsp
. To find the information on bonds,
click on Search in the middle of the screen (under Market Center Bond Guide), under Quick
Search type the Issuer Name and the Symbol, and click SHOW RESULTS.
Another useful website on bond information is
. To
find the information on bonds, scroll down the page, type the name of the company in the
window under Bond Finder, and click SEARCH.
Copy the quotations of
two
bonds issued by THE COMPANY (SELECTED BY
INSTRUCTOR) that contain the Price. Present these quotations in your project.
1.
Assume that par value of the bond is \$1,000. What were the last prices of the bonds in \$\$
\$ (listed in the Price column)?
2.
Assume that par value of the bond is \$1,000. Calculate the annual coupon interest
payments.
3.
Assume that par value of the bond is \$1,000. Calculate the current yield of the bonds.
4.
Write a 1-2 page of the analysis of the
bonds.
following questions.
a)
How much is the YTM listed in quotations is for the bonds? Explain the meaning
of YTM.
b)
If you are going to buy a bond issued by THE COMPANY, which bond would
you choose? Why?
c)
Are these bonds callable? If the bonds that you chose are callable (non-callable),
d)
If you are an investor who is looking for a bond to invest in, are you going to buy
a bond that you chose?
Take a look at the balance sheet and income statement of
the company. What data or ratios support your decision to buy this bond or not?
You may want to incorporate the results of the Research Project Part 1, as well as
the results of the financial leverage ratios to answer this question.
You should
develop a specific recommendation, with supporting rationale
to explain your
-4- Collect and evaluate the data about stock performance of the assigned company for the
last one year. (totally 35% of the project grade).
1) Find the market ratios for the company for the last 1-3 years and its major competitor for the
last year in the Internet.

Price/Earnings ratio

Market/Book ratio (also called (Price/Book ratio)

Earnings per share

Dividends per share

Other market ratios on your choice
These ratios are available on
www.morningstar.com
> Company’s page – under
Valuation, Financials, and under Dividends
You can find these ratios in the Internet or calculate them. If you use published ratios you
must indicate that and cite their source.
a.
Present the
market
ratios as the table(s) in your project.
b.
Write about 1 page of analysis of the market ratio results that you found. Compare the
the question: Are the common stockholders receiving an adequate return on their
investment?
c.
Compare the P/E ratio of your company with the industry average or 5-year average. Is
the stock overvalued, undervalued, or properly valued? Why?
In accordance with your
findings, is it reasonable to buy the stock?
-2) Analysis of the historical stock prices trend for the last year.
a.
Collect and evaluate the data about stock prices of the assigned company for the last one
year for the company and its major competitor.
b.
Create the chart(s) using the stock price chart tools on the websites or Excel. Present the
c.
Write about 0.5 page of analysis the historic stock prices trend for the last year.
3) Apply the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) Security Market Line to estimate the required
return on THE COMPANY stock. Note that you will need
the risk-free rate and the market
return. Show this information in your project.
1. Apply the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) Security Market Line to estimate the
required return on stock. Note that you will need
the risk-free rate, beta, and the market
return.
a) To get the current yield on 10-year Treasury securities go to www.finance.yahoo.com

click on
Markets – U.S. Treasury Bonds Rates.
You will use the current yield on 10-year
Treasury securities as the risk-free rate to estimate the required rate of return on stocks.
Discuss how appropriate this rate is as a measure of risk.
b) Between 1926 and 2017, the compound annual rate of return of S&P 500 is estimated
a 6.5%. We will use this number as the market return.
Discuss how appropriate this rate
is as a measure of return.
c)
Beta is listed in
www.finance.yahoo.com
and in
www.morningstar.com
on the
company’s front page. What is the beta listed for the company? What does it mean?
d)
Calculate the required return on the stock
using
the Capital Asset Pricing Model
(CAPM) Security Market Line.
2.
There are several methods how to calculate the growth rate. One of the possible ways
is to calculate the sustainable growth rate as g = ROE *(1- Dividend payout ratio). You
can find ROE and the Dividend Payout Ratio
on
www.morningstar.com
> Company’s
page – under Financials and under Dividends
Calculate the company’s sustainable growth rate.
3. Apply the
Gordon model (constant growth rate model) to calculate the intrinsic
(economic) value of the stock.
Please note that for some companies it is not possible to use the
Gordon model. If that is
the case, please explain why it is not possible to use this model for your company. What
other models is it possible to use?
4.
Compare the result of your calculations with the current stock price. Is the stock
overvalued, undervalued, or properly valued? Why?
In accordance with your findings, is it
Why?

5- Develop a specific recommendation, with supporting rationale for your client
, as to
whether the assigned company’s recent trend in financial and stock performance is of sufficient
financial strength to warrant entering in a long-term investment in bonds and/or stocks of the
-6-
Develop a specific recommendation, with supporting rationale for the COMPANY’S
management –
Think about the financial strategy of the company,
how to best balance THE
COMPANY’S financial leverage to optimize shareholder wealth going forward taking into
consideration the company’s current market position, credit rating,
dividend policy, etc.
(10% of
-7- Reflection –
the students should write a paragraph in their own words reflecting on what they
learned from the assignment and how they think they could apply what they learned in the
workplace.
PRESENTATION OF PAPER AND WRITING (15%) of the project grade):

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