Types of Persuasive Speeches: Ultimate Guide

Types of Persuasive Speeches: Ultimate Guide

Understanding different types of persuasive speeches is challenging for students. There are various persuasive speeches you may get an assignment on. To distinguish the requirements of a specific persuasive speech, you need to answer the question, what are the 3 types of persuasive speeches first?

Persuasive speeches deal with the evaluation of statements that may be defended with facts and reason. The subject being discussed and information in the speech shows what are the 5 types of speeches. The common three types of persuasive speeches are:

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  • Policy speech
  • Value speech
  • Factual speech

These speeches argue and persuade your audience about a situation with varied explanations. You strive to show them why your stance is more solid than the others.

Factual types of persuasive speeches

Do people ask what is the first type of persuasive speech? This is the first type of persuasive speech. Different researchers try to analyze arguments whether a certain claim is true or false. It should be supported with good evidence. It tries to convince your audience to agree with you that a particular event happened or did not. It also persuades them that something is in existence or not.

Some factual issues are difficult to answer while others are simple to deal with. An example is convincing people that Neil Armstrong was the first man to land on the moon in 1969. The example is well archived and contains strong evidence supporting it.

On the contrary, other facts are difficult to explain and cannot be discussed clearly. An example is an argument about the right age to marry or get married. Also, the question on the side effects of medical testing is hard to establish and explain. The evidence available on these topics is insufficient and does not answer these claims in any definite way.

Other claims that are stubborn in answering are predicting what can or cannot happen. One example is convincing the world that covid 19 vaccines will reach everyone by 2022.  The vaccine is indeed being produced in massive quantities. But there is no guarantee that it will be distributed throughout the world in such a short period.

Your task is to convince the listeners, who are there as judges as well as opposition attorneys. You can also learn how to write a persuasive speech to gain knowledge on writing different speeches.

Value Persuasive speech

This is a speech that explains if something is good or bad, right or wrong, moral or immoral, beautiful or ugly. It evaluates how ethical or moral a certain topic is and tells whether a particular assertion is true or false.

As an example, you may be asked to assert whether capital punishments are ethical or not, or if killing someone when self-defending yourself is a crime. These examples of persuasive speeches are difficult to prove if they are right or wrong.

There is a chance that your audience may support or oppose your reasoning. While they are listening to you, it is hard to judge why you have opted for a specific stand on that topic. They must understand your criteria for making such an evaluation.

An example is a speaker who says that all social media platforms are immoral. He or she must also believe online dating is immoral too. The speaker must clearly show what led them to make such an assertion. They must walk the audience step by step and explain everything that led to the decision.

Policy persuasive speech

Policy claims are the most common in persuasive claims. They are used when trying to convince an audience to accept or reject some policy, rule, or candidate. It discusses a specific problem and an ultimate solution to that problem. It is the most applied persuasive speech as we live in a world governed by rules, laws, and policies.

For instance, a persuasive speaker makes a statement that the legality of prostitution must be revisited. In this statement, he wants everyone to agree to the claim and immediate action to be taken. A policy claim requests an immediate response to a situation. It is direct and clear on what needs to be changed and what must happen.

There are two goals targeted by policy claims: Passive agreement and immediate action.

Passive agreement

A passive agreement aims to convince the audience to support the claims of the speaker. It is the alternative option to immediate action. In an attempt to acquire a passive agreement, a speaker tries to persuade the audience to side with him or agree to the policy with no practical actions involved.

An example is a speaker who wants the LGBT community to be treated equally with other humans and get to enjoy universal human rights. The speaker will try to make the audience agree with him by giving strong and justifiable facts. He will not demand any action.

The goal behind a passive agreement is persuading your audience to accept a certain belief, value, attitude, or behavior without performing any action.

Immediate action

This drives your audience to engage in a certain action. The speaker tries to persuade the audience to act quickly according to the proposal or idea.

A speaker might give a speech to a crowd aiming to persuade them to drink more water. He will say that dehydration is the root cause of most diseases and doctors advise at least eight glasses of water a day. He will encourage them to drink those eight glasses of water to avoid those diseases related to dehydration.

This action will persuade your listeners to take action and support your claims instantly. It is good when the audience takes action immediately. The more quickly they act on it, the more likely they are to adopt it.

Types of claims in a persuasive speech

Claims are divided into three types. They are claims of policy, claims of value, and claims of fact. All types of claims in a persuasive speech target a specific characteristic of a topic. To take part in a certain argument, it is advisable to comprehend the specific claim being discussed.

You might encounter this question: Which type of persuasive speech is concerned with the occurrence or existence of something? To answer this question, you need a good understanding of different types of claims in a persuasive speech.

Claim of fact

This claim specifies that some tangible object existed, is in existence, or is to exist. The cause of arguments in factual claims is the reasoning behind the questionable facts. A factual claim tries to argue if a specific claim is true or false, correct or incorrect, and valid or invalid. In participating in such a discussion, we argue from a known fact to something unknown. Factual claims may also cover cause-effect relationships.

The aim of discussing factual claims is:

  1. To convince an audience to accept something that has not been accepted yet
  2. To reject a specific claim that you assert should not accept any longer

You want your audience to refuse to accept a proposed claim, which is considered a new fact, or defend a proposal that an existing fact should still be accepted. These factual claims may be discussions on the present, past, or future.

Factual claims about the past seem to show responsibility or a motive for some historical actions. For instance, Al Qaeda was responsible for series of bombings in the late 90s, or policies of the democrats gave rise to terrorism.

Types of persuasive speeches

Present factual claims discuss or deal with current events which are important to society. For instance, divorce has caused a rise in juvenile crime. An increase in violence in teens is catalyzed by video games. Climate change has been brought about by increased industrialization.

Factual claims on the future deal with predicting how certain events will be in the future. For example, the Cost of living will increase as countries deal with the Corona pandemic. Fuel prices will decrease with the production of more electric vehicles.

Factual claims can be quantified. This means asserting that a specific claim is correct heavily lies on empirical evidence. This evidence or verification is established by combining sensory data i.e., touch, sight, smell, taste, and sound. This examination of how quality evidence is found to defend our claims is a discussion for later.

Value claims

Value claims establish reasonable judgments alongside a good or bad relationship between things, events, and people in a specific environment. This means if you claim that someone is better than the other or one thing is good and the other is bad, you have established a value claim.

Some examples of value claims include: The Wizard of Oz is the all-time best movie in the world, mountain climbing is the most enjoyable game in the universe or African weather is the best of all.

Arguments arise due to methods that have been applied to make such a judgment. Claims of value require a defined way of comparing things: something is bad in comparison with, how is good determined or what is the method in determining superiority.

Most of us make judgments through our opinions. You compare things and decide that this one is better than that one.eg., you can say Pepsi is better compared to coke. On the other hand, another person can assert the opposite. We can say that the sun is the best source of energy, Abraham Lincoln is the best president of America.

To assert that a value claim is correct, you need to know how words like great, best, and better are defined. You should know if those arguing about a claim define it equally. These require a good understanding of different types of persuasive arguments. Otherwise, both parties should agree to a certain way of defining key terms of comparison. With this, an argument can begin.

With decisions you make daily, you make value judgments to choose what you consider better. It is very difficult to empirically verify that the judgments you make are revealed by your experiences. You might buy a chevy as it is better than a ford. We use terms such as good education, a better car, and bad influence.

These terms do not have a universal meaning or any defined meaning.  When you explain a value claim in a persuasive speech, you need to define how you made certain value judgments in that situation. Argue that definition and show how that person or thing in discussion fits in the definition.

When you claim that George Washington is the greatest president, you need to show that Washington meets the qualities of a great president.

The criteria for determining those qualities should be argued out, judge his performance against these qualities and show how he fits into the qualities better than other presidents.

Values of a person are considered mostly when dealing with morality. Value claims lack empirical support hence arguments involving value claims are qualitative with no tangible support.

One problem in argumentation is viewing value claims as factual claims. This shift focuses from good or bad to true and false. Value claims tend to be difficult to reach an agreement on due to lacking a defined criterion.

Policy Claim

Policy claims establish that one thing should be done or should not, by someone. It specifies that a certain course of action should or should not be taken. It uses the keyword “should” which means that a certain action can be taken but not a must.

To make a judgment in a policy claim, you must analyze claims of fact or value claims emerging in that policy. The side you support should show a certain change is needed in the system and how that approach is better.

5 types of speeches

A speech is a formal or informal talk to an audience.  There are different types of speeches each with a specific purpose.

Types of speeches

You may be asked to write an essay on different types of persuasive speeches. To understand how to write a thesis statement for a persuasive speech, you need to know at least 5 types of speeches. They include:

Informative speech – They are given to educate or inform an audience of a certain message or topic. Informative speeches use data, facts, and statistics to aid in understanding. You should give all relevant details in that particular message.

Entertaining speech – The target is to make a crowd happy. They are shorter and less formal compared to traditional speeches. They use humor and funny stories.

Demonstrative speech – This speech educates an audience on something new or something they don’t know. They employ the use of visual aids for demonstration purposes. It describes the steps of doing something.

Persuasive speech – in persuasive speeches, you convince the audience that you have the right opinion. They cover all areas ranging from exploratory essay topics for college students to political essays. Concrete evidence is a requirement for you to persuade your listeners.

Debate speech – It happens during a debate session and often consists of specific rules. All sides get an equal amount of time to explain their opinion.

There are other types of speeches not discussed in this article. Other questions frequently asked are what are 3 types of speeches. According to your assignment requirements, you need to identify the specific types of persuasive speeches you are required to write about. You can check value persuasive speech topics when writing a persuasive speech on value.

Key takeaway

There are three types of persuasive speeches. These are factual, value, and policy persuasive speeches. In every type of speech, there are various types of claims or arguments that occur. They are not limited to policy claims, claims of value, and claims of facts. These help you determine which types of persuasive speeches you are dealing with.

Various types of speeches have also been discussed. For more clarification on value persuasive speech topics, visit our website for assistance. Click here to get professional speech writing help.

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