Writing a research paper is one of the main tasks in colleges. When assigned the task, many students do not know the elements of a research paper. This article highlights the 10 elements of a research paper;
A research paper is a type of writing where the writer explains what they have learned after conducting a detailed study of a topic. Writers can also give their views and opinions about the topics.
A research paper should argue a point or analyze a perspective. When writing any type of research paper, ensure you present your thinking about the topic and back it up with other information.
The components of a research paper are the major parts that make it up. A research paper is not complete if it lacks one or some of the components. To write a compelling research paper, ensure you write the components in the right order. Let us look at the elements of a good research paper.
A cover page is the first page of a research paper. It contains the author’s name, phone number, address, date, and email. The cover page helps the reader to identify your work. It makes the research paper look professional and neat.
A title page represents the whole research paper. It is therefore important to have a well-written and formatted title page. All the information regarding the content of the article should be available on the title/cover page.
An abstract is part of writing that describes the broad overview of a research paper. It highlights the main theme and the essence of the research paper.
Your abstract should be 100 to 300 words. It should include; the research question, significance of the research, methodology used, findings, and results.
While writing an abstract, remember to take care. The first part must be interesting and impressive to the reader. This will help to motivate them to continue reading the research paper.
An abstract summarizes the whole research paper apart from the cited works and footnotes. It should begin with a brief statement of the problem then followed by the design and method of the research. It should then proceed to the major findings and finally to a conclusion and recommendations.
This is where you introduce your research topic. It is important to make your introduction interesting and engaging. This is where they get the idea of your research paper. So, if it is not interesting, they might not continue reading. State your hypothesis in the introduction and explain how you will work it out from the beginning to the end.
An introduction is one of the main components of a research paper outline. Here is a list of elements of an introduction in a research paper. When writing your introduction for the research paper, do the following;
This is a key element of a research paper used as a claim to outline the problem addressed by the research. A good statement of the problem should show an existing gap in the field which opens opportunities for further studies.
The main intention of a statement of the problem in research is to change a general problem into a specific one. The problem statement shows that a certain issue can be solved through careful decision-making and focused research.
A persuasive statement of the problem should have three parts. This includes;
This describes the ideal situation or the desired goal. It explains how things should be carried out in the research.
This is the second part of the problem statement. It describes any condition that can prevent the goal of the research from being achieved. It also explains how the situation lacks the ideal or the goal.
This is a part that shows how the writer proposes to improve the current situation. Also, how they intend to bring the situation close to the goals and objectives of the research.
This involves the extent your research will touch. It is important to indicate as early as possible the limit your research will reach. Show how original your paper will be and the gap it will fill in other studies. This part is one of the most basic elements of a research proposal.
You can limit the scope of your study by listing the number of factors it will touch. For example; gender, time, personnel, geographic location, age nationality among many others.
Research methodology involves the techniques and specific procedures that are used to select, identify, analyze and process research information. Such elements of a research paper give the reader room to evaluate the overall reliability and validity of a study.
Data in research can be classified into four types according to the method used to collect data. This includes;
There are different types of research methodologies. This includes;
Research methodology is important for a research study as it helps in developing confidence and language skills for the researcher’s local culture. Learning how to apply all the qualitative research methods helps in developing interpersonal transferrable skills required in many careers.
A literature review is a summary of any previous research of the topic being researched. It analyzes various books, scholarly works, and other sources that may be related to the area of research. The literature review should describe, enumerate, objectively evaluate, summarize and clarify the previous research on a topic.
Literature review in research helps in establishing and understanding the familiarity of the available research in a certain topic before conducting any research. The literature review should help in identifying the research that has already been done.
This part of research requires a thorough study of a topic If you are caught up by other activities and do not have time to do the research, feel free to contact homework help services for help.
This is the longest part of a research paper. It contains components of a research article. This is the part of a research paper where the thesis is supported by ideas. In the body, arrange and collect evidence to convince the reader about your argument.
The size of the body should depend on the size of the entire research paper. If the body is long, you should partition it into small sections using subheadings and headings.
To break the boredom in reading your research paper, you might include images, tables, graphs and maps to the body. The items included should be cited using the style guide that is provided for the research paper.
Write short paragraphs which are not boring to read. This does not mean that you write one-sentence paragraphs. A good paragraph should have two to three sentences with enough support for the main idea.
In the body paragraphs, you should include two parts. One part should show assertions and claims stated in the thesis statement. The second part should show the research of the writer in backing up the thesis.
The first sentences of all the body paragraphs should be a continued transition from the sentence at the end of your introduction. It should be the topic sentence that presents a point, topic or argument that is presented in the entire paragraph.
The other sentences in the body paragraphs should show the evidence in the form of discussions. This should use examples and quotations to support the topic.
The final sentences of the paragraphs should form a transition from the second sentence where the ideas are presented. Every point in the body paragraphs should support the main ideas from the introduction.
When writing a research paper, ensure that your body section is organized. Focus on presenting information logically and clearly. This will help the reader to understand the main points and the purpose of your research. The reader can also relate to how the claims made in the research paper have supported the thesis statement.
A basic research paper should have a conclusion. In this part of the research paper, you should summarize all the information stated in the introduction and the body paragraphs. Include the following in your conclusion
This part should contain supplementary material that is not necessary to be included in the body section. This material is however important as it helps in understanding any information that is cumbersome. This includes information that cannot be included in the main text of the research paper.
Appendices are usually placed after the main body but before the works cited or the bibliography section. They have headings that designate them.
Materials that can be included in the appendices part include;
Do not include irrelevant or vague information in the appendix section. Information in the appendix should help the reader to understand and interpret the research paper better.
To be complete, your research paper should have an appendix. The appendix should contain all the information to discourse the research problem. The main takeaway point is that information in the appendix is not essential for the research paper. If removed, the paper should not change.
Now that we have written the key components of a research paper, you may be asking yourself the importance of a research paper. So, what is the importance of a research paper? A research paper has the following benefits;
If you have to write a research paper, you need to know the key elements of a research paper. You should also know how they follow each other. If you mix up the components, your research paper can confuse the readers.
A research paper has ten key elements which have been discussed in this article. You should understand what to place in each section. With the key components, it becomes easy to write a research paper.
If you still have any problem in writing a research paper or you need assistance in any part, do not worry. Contact us now.
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