What is it?
An annotated bibliography is a collection of sources that includes a reference/works cited entry and one
or more of the following: a description of the content and focus of the book or article, a suggestion of
the source’s usefulness to your research, an evaluation of its method, conclusions, or reliability, and a
record of your reactions to the source.
What goes into the text?
Each entry in an annotated bibliography begins with a citation in the style determined by your professor
(i.e. APA, MLA). The content of the annotation depends on what is being asked. Should it be
indicative, informative, evaluative, or a combination? Regardless of type, each entry should remain
relatively brief; only significant information should be mentioned.
A combination annotation is the most common type because it contains one or two sentences
summarizing or describing the content and then a few more sentences providing an evaluation. See the
Morris, J.M. (1959). Reading in the primary school: An investigation into standards of reading and their
association with primary school characteristics. London: Newnes, for National Foundation for
The author reports on a large-scale investigation into English children’s reading standards and
their relation to conditions such as size of classes, types or organization and methods of teaching.
The report is based on inquiries in sixty schools in Kent and covers 8,000 children learning to
read English as their mother tongue. The work is notable for thoroughness of research
An indicative annotation defines the scope of the source, lists the significant topics included, and tells
what the source is about. There is no attempt to give actual data such as hypotheses, proofs, etc.
Generally, only topics or chapter titles are included. See the example below:
Griffin, C. (Ed.). (1982). Teaching writing in all disciplines. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
This book includes ten essays on writing-across-the-curriculum programs, teaching writing in
disciplines other than English, and teaching techniques for using writing as learning. Essays
include Toby Fulwiler, “Writing: An Act of Cognition;” Barbara King, “Using Writing in the
Rev. 8/18/2016 ***Adapted from http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/AnnotatedBibliography.html***
Mathematics Class: Theory and Practice;” Dean Drenk, “Teaching Finance Through Writing;”
Elaine P. Mairnon, “Writing Across the Curriculum: Past, Present, and Future.”
An informative annotation is simply a summary of the source. Begin by writing the thesis; then
develop it with the argument or hypothesis, list the proofs, and state the conclusion. See the example
Voeltz, L.M. (1980). Children’s attitudes toward handicapped peers. American Journal of Mental
Deficiency, 84, 455-464.
As services for severely handicapped children become increasingly available within
neighborhood public schools, children’s attitudes toward handicapped peers in integrated settings
warrant attention. Factor analysis of attitude survey responses of 2,392 children revealed four
factors underlying attitudes toward handicapped peers: social-contact willingness, deviance
consequation, and two actual contact dimensions. Upper elementary-age children, girls, and
children in schools with most contact with severely handicapped peers expressed the most
accepting attitudes. Results of this study suggest the modifiability of children’s attitudes and the
need to develop interventions to facilitate social acceptance of individual differences in
integrated school settings.
An evaluative annotation assesses the source’s strengths and weaknesses. It mentions why the source is
interesting/helpful to you and/or why it is not. You should also include what kind of and how much
information is given. See the example below:
Gurko, L. (1968). Ernest Hemingway and the pursuit of heroism. New York: Crowell.
This book is part of a series called “Twentieth Century American Writers: A Brief Introduction
to the Man and his Work.” After fifty pages of straight biography, Gurko discussed
Hemingway’s writing, novel by novel. There’s an index and a short bibliography, but no notes.
The biographical part is clear and easy to read, but it sounds too much like summary.
Professional homework help features
Our ExperienceHowever the complexity of your assignment, we have the right professionals to carry out your specific task. ACME homework is a company that does homework help writing services for students who need homework help. We only hire super-skilled academic experts to write your projects. Our years of experience allows us to provide students with homework writing, editing & proofreading services.
Free revision policy$10
Free bibliography & reference$8
Free title page$8
How our professional homework help writing services work
You first have to fill in an order form. In case you need any clarifications regarding the form, feel free to reach out for further guidance. To fill in the form, include basic informaion regarding your order that is topic, subject, number of pages required as well as any other relevant information that will be of help.Complete the order form
Once we have all the information and instructions that we need, we select the most suitable writer for your assignment. While everything seems to be clear, the writer, who has complete knowledge of the subject, may need clarification from you. It is at that point that you would receive a call or email from us.Writer’s assignment
As soon as the writer has finished, it will be delivered both to the website and to your email address so that you will not miss it. If your deadline is close at hand, we will place a call to you to make sure that you receive the paper on time.Completing the order and download